I’ve been digging through and playing with the Rails Framework now for about 4 months with intent (I guess I’ve read about it, learned about, but not played with it for well over 4 years). I’ve gained a pretty good familiarity with the parts of the framework. Below, I’ve laid out some of the key things that I’ve done over and over just to become familiar with the commands, organization, and other elements within the framework. These also, in this specific order, is what I’ve found works best for getting a Ruby on Rails Application Project kick started (on a *nix based machine, the rvm commands will however not work on Windows, you’ll need to find a respective replacement).
$ mkdir steaming_up_the_engine $ cd steaming_up_the_engine $ rvm --rvmrc --create 1.9.2@steaming_up_the_engine $ cd .. $ cd steaming_up_the_engine $ cd .. $ rails new steaming_up_the_engine -T $ open . $ cd steaming_up_the_engine $ git init $ mate .gitignore
…edit and save the .gitignore file with whatever additions you may need or want…
$ git -A $ git commit -m 'first commit.' $ rm public/index.html $ rails generate rspec:install
…edit your Gemfile(See below Gemfile for contents)…
$ rails generate controller home index contact about $ git rm -r spec/views $ git rm -r spec/helpers $ mate config/routes.rb
…edit the routes.rb so there is the index page handling the root page…
Gemfile (Located in ~/projectRoot/Gemfile)
source 'http://rubygems.org' gem 'rails' gem 'sqlite3' group :development do gem 'rspec-rails' end group :test do gem 'rspec-rails' gem 'webrat' end group :assets do gem 'sass-rails', '~> 3.1.4' gem 'coffee-rails', '~> 3.1.1' gem 'uglifier', '>= 1.0.3' end gem 'jquery-rails'
SteamingUpTheEngine::Application.routes.draw do get "home/index" get "home/about" get "home/contact" root :to => 'home#index' end
mkdir creates a new directory called steaming_up_the_engine.
cd steaming_up_the_engine moves the active working directory of the terminal/bash to steaming_up_the_engine (i.e. cd stands for change directory).
rvm is the rvm application command, –rvmrc is the feature being created, –create is the command to issue on the feature. 1.9.2 is the version of Ruby that will be used for the project and the name after the @ is the name of the project itself. For more information about the rvmrc script check out my previous entry or the rvm site on rvmrc.
The action to cd .. moves out of the directory and then cd steaming_up_the_engine moves back in to initiate the script that the rvm command created for us. After that, the working directory is moved back outside of the application folder.
rails is simply the rails framework application command, new tells the application to create a new rails application based on the framework, and -T is a switch to prevent any tests from being generated.
open . actually opens the Finder to view the just created project in the working directory. The screenshot below is the Finder with the newly created rails app.
Again move back into the application working directory.
git init initializes a local git repository for the project.
mate .gitignore opens up the .gitignore file that was created by the rails command for editing. mate is the command for the TextMate Application. If you don’t have TextMate, then you would have to change mate to a command that relates to whatever you use to edit your code files. Check out my previous blog entry for a sample .gitignore file.
git -A adds all new files for commit to the local git repository.
git commit -m ‘first commit’ actually commits the new project to the git repository.
rm public/index.html removes the default static page that displays if the application is run at this point. I never need it, but it does come in handy sometimes if you’re troubleshooting if a server runs and just want to deploy something to verify you’re doing it right (such as to EngineYard or Heroku).
rspec can be setup and configured to run in your Rails project with the rails command rails generate rspec:install. If the rspec gem isn’t already in your project, remember to gem install rspec or add it to the gemfile and run bundle install.
The first of these commands that actually starts building the site is the rails generator command. rails generate controller Pages home contact creates the pages, controllers, and routes for the pages. Because the rspec has been configured for the project, when rails generates the controller and pages tests will be created in the spec directory.
After the creation of those pages remove the unnecessary test files in helpers and views under spec. git rm -r spec/views and git rm -r spec/helpers will get rid of these files.
Now you’re ready to really get started actually building something in those pages. Enjoy!